Important information: Workshop Cancelled - Covid-19

Due to the continuing uncertainty about when events will be able to take place, and the large number of conferences piling up, WILL Three will not now be rearranged this year. It is hoped that the third edition of the series will take place in 2022. All particpants are encouraged to attend the sister workshop PhilArg - The Philosophy of Argumentation which will be held in Lodz in May 2021.

The Department of English and General Linguistics at the University of Łódź invites you to the third session of WILL: Reason and Reasoning, held as part of the conference And Where's Logic? 2, at AMU in Poznań. The aim of this meeting is to discuss the theory and practice of argument and reasoning from a natural language perspective.

Following the success of the first two editions of WILL, a third meeting will be held in March 2020. Submissions are now closed. Talks will cover all aspects of argumentation, rhetoric and persuasion, with a particular emphasis on the central theme of the relationship between reasoning and language.

The full book of abstracts (updated 06/03/20) can now be downloaded here. The full programme is now available here.

Unfortunately, our original guest speaker, Henrike Jansen, is now unable to attend. However, leading argumentation scholar, Marcin Koszowy (Warsaw University of Technology), has very kindly stepped in and agreed to deliver the keynote talk.

Guest speaker: Marcin Koszowy: The Dynamics of Appeals to Authority.

Appeals to authority belong to the most powerful instruments of social influence. In argumentation theory, devices such as argumentation schemes and critical questions for evaluating arguments from authority and expert opinion (Walton, 2019) may serve as useful devices that help to minimise the risk of uncritically accepting fallacious arguments from authority. The argumentation scheme approach does not, however, grasp the dynamics of dialogues in which the authority of an expert is targeted, as illustrated by an example taken from Hansard, the UK parliamentary debate record: (a) Grace Colman said, The expert with whom I have discussed the matter has expressed the opinion that there are serious disadvantages in quick-freezing [of fish]; (b) David Robertson said, He is no expert; (c) Grace Colman said, Oh, yes; he is an expert; (d) Robert Boothby said, I apologise for interrupting, but I beg the honourable Lady to believe that he was very little of an expert. In this talk, I will discuss analytical devices that are capable of grasping this kind of dynamics of appeals to authority. By doing so, they may help in critically analysing dialogical appeals to authority and expert opinion. As a future line of inquiry, I will outline the proposal for building ‘authority analytics’ tools based on annotating discourse features that are typical for appeals to authority.

Organiser: Dr Martin Hinton

Further information

Please send any questions or comments on WILL to the following e-mail address: martin.hinton(at)


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